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Four discourses is a concept developed by French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan.He argued that there were four fundamental types of discourse.He defined four discourses, which he called Master, University, Hysteric and Analyst, and suggested that these relate dynamically to one another.
Rhetorical modes (also known as modes of discourse) describe the variety, conventions, and purposes of the major kinds of language-based communication, particularly writing and speaking.Four of the most common rhetorical modes and their purpose are: narration, description, exposition, and argumentation. The first codification of these rhetorical modes was by Samuel P. Newman in A Practical.
In other words we can say discourse is somewhat broad category in the system of language. And text deals with the written from of language. Discourse has different form as Discourse of Advertising, Discourse of Racism, Discourse of Medical etc. But text has no such forms. Discourse can be found with in text. And not vice versa.
There are traditionally four different types of discourse, namely argument, narration, description, and exposition.Discourse is generally understood to encompass almost any type of communication whether written or oral, and there are some cases in which entire papers or speeches depend on just one style; most of the time, though, authors, writers, and speakers use two or more methods at once.
Discourse is a term becoming increasingly common in a wide range of academic and non-academic contexts. Discourse can be defined variously. Cook (1989: 156) views discourse as “a stretch of language perceived to be meaningful unified and purposive”, whereas Nunan (1993) asserts that discourse means “a stretch of language consisting of several sentences which are perceived as related in.
Discourse analysis seems to show that women have accepted gender bias. How this bias has been taught must be explored. 3.0 Critical discourse analysis: institutionalised forms of discourse. Women are generally portrayed in gender specific roles in forms of institutionalised discourse.
The concept of Discourse and discourse community is very important in English reading and writing. Discourses are group members’ shared “ways of being in the world” (Gee 484). According to the authors we studied, Porter, Gee, Swales, Johns and Porter, we willingly or unwillingly are part of many different discourse communities or Discourses.